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Azerbaijan carpet

General info

Carpet-weaving is a very old and highly developed craft. Archaeological finds bear evidence that it was already  in existence back in the 9 century B.C. Written sources of later periods, for instance, writings by antique Greek,   Roman and Arab authors (Herodotus, Xenophon, Al- Mugaddasi), also indicate that carpet-weaving is indeed a very old craft in Azerbaijan. It has developed over centuries to reach its perfection. Azerbaijan craftsmen have produced magnificent specimens - from simple pileless carpets to the exquisite khalcha variety.

It is accepted to divide Azerbaijan carpets into four types:
1.Guba-Shirvan (with manufacturing centres in Guba, Shirvan and Baku);
2.Gyandja-Gazakh (with manufacturing centers in Gyandja and Gazakh);
3.Karabakh (with manufacturing centers in Karabakh, Shusha and Jabrail),
4.Tebriz (with manufacturing centers in Tebriz and Ardebil)

They are distinguished mainly by 3 following features: ornament, manufacturing technique and the kind of article in question.

Azerbaijan carpets are manufactured in various techniques. Basically, they are divided into piled and pileless.

Pileless ones include palas, kilim, sumakh, zili, shadde and vemi. Palas and kilim are simply woven, while sumakh, zili, shadde and vemi have an intricate weave.

Azerbaijan carpet makers use yarn dyes of basic seven colors of varying shades. Over centuries they have developed compositions of dyes obtained from local plants. Unlike chemical dyestuffs, natural colorants do not erode the structure of wool fibbers, but lend them sheen and succulence. Having mastered manufacturing techniques to perfection, Azerbaijan carpet makers began producing sets (dast) consisting of a large central carpet, two-sided rugs and one-headed piece, all united in a single composition; prayer rugs (namazlyg); pictorial and other types of carpets.

Carpets were to meet both aesthetic and utilitarian requirements. As an object of household use, which was its main purpose, the carpet served to keep the house warm. Carpet bags and coverlets of different types were widely spread. These included pileless mafrash, khurdjun and kheiba (travelling bags); chuval (sacks for holding loose products); chul (all kinds of coverlets); yakhar ustu (saddle cover) and other objects.

Unknown masters of the past made unique carpets which continue to amaze and please us with their artistic detection. Magnificent carpets and carpet articles made by Azerbaijan craftswomen are in the collections of the world's largest museums - the Hermitage in Saint-Petersburg, the ?Victoria and Albert? in London, the Textile in Washington, the Louvre in Paris, the Topkapi in Istanbul, and others. Historical sources abound in references to the high level of carpet - making in Azerbaijan and the export of these carpets to different countries.

The prominent 10th - century Arab historians, Abu - Djafar - Mohammed Tabari and Al - Mugaddasi, noted that excellent carpets were made in the Azerbaijan town of Barda.

The ancient folk epic "Dede Korkud" (11th - 12th centuries) especially praised purple Azerbaijan carpets. Colorful Azerbaijan carpets were admired by the Flemish traveler, missionary Guillaume de Rubrouck (13th century) and the Venetian explorer Marco Polo (13th center). Significantly, beginning from the 15th century, Azerbaijan carpets figured in the paintinfs of European artists, among them Hans Holden the Younger and Hans Mumbling. Mention of gorgeous Azerbaijan carpets is found in the notes of the English traveler Anthony Jenkinson (16th century) and the Dutch seafarer Jan Strays (17th century).

Both pile and pieces carpets are made in Azerbaijan. In making carpets, Azerbaijan masters put into them all their hearts and minds, applied all their skill and lent their works a distinct national color. The art of carpet - making is still alive in Azerbaijan. While following classical traditions, contemporary masters impart a new meaning to old motifs. At the same time, new compositions are being elaborated to reflect the present day of the people.

you can find a lot of info on Azerbaijan carpets here.

If you have an interest in buying genuine Azeri rug either antique or one woven specifically for you please contact us. We guarantee the acceptance of all kind of orders at any time and the trouble-free delivery (local and international) to any customer at the requested time. All our rugs are originally Azeri rugs. These are fleecy types such as from Kuba, Baku, Shirvan, Mougan, Gendje, Kazak, Karabagh and also pileless types, such as Animal Covers, Khordjin, Djedjim and Shadde. Only handspun wool and vegetable dyes are used in manufacturing of Azerbaijan rugs. Each rug is woven in a certain size and model according to its group. Each rug is woven using the group technology of the region, where it is originating from. Thus every rug is produced in a unique way. Please contact us for more pictures, designs, quotations and other details.

We collaborate with a number of carpet workshops and carpet dealers. If you have an interest in buying genuine Azeri carpet without visiting the country feel free to contact us. We can offer for your attention a collection of exceptional Caucasian carpets at the very competitive prices, prices that you find ridiculously low for such an object of the art somewhere in the West. All of these rugs, with various designs, were hand knotted in wool in Azerbaijan (Guba, Shirvan, Karabakh, Baku, Kazakh, Ganja, Shusha, Jebrail, Tabriz, Ardabil) (90% of Caucasian named carpets are Azerbaijan carpets) Our rugs were made almost exactly the same way as the rugs were made thousands of years ago.

Each our rug is unique and in NO WAY A RESULT OF MASS PRODUCTION. Ninety-five percent of all rugs made today are woven with inexpensive processed wool which has been spun into yarn by machine, and then coloured with modern synthetic dyes. The result is a rug which appears precise and lifeless with no variation in design, texture, or coloration. This is how most modern rugs are made.

The rugs we offer for your attention are the original Caucasians! Be ware of the rugs with Caucasian designs that are made in other countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, even in China.

And last but not least: All the rugs are certified with authenticity from The State Museum of Carpets & Applied Art.   

Shirvan rugsShirvan carpet
Shirvan runnerTebriz
Tebriz carpetTebriz rug
Antique carpetAntique carpet

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