Barda is a town in Barda District, Azerbaijan. For a long period Barda was the seat of both the Albanian kings and the Albanian Christian Chruch as well as an important trading and cultural centre, but it declined after the Arab invasions.
Located south of Yevlax, Barda is a small provincial town on the Terter river. Javanshir - the legendary 7th century king of Caucasian Albania, lived in Barda, and fought against Sassanid, Byzantine, Khazar and Arabian armies for the survival of his nation. In 943, Barda was briefly taken by the Rus.
Although still the capital of a 'rayon', centuries of earthquakes and invasions have destroyed much of the town's landmarks, with the exception of the 14th century tomb of Akhmed Zocheybana, built by architect Ahmad ibn Ayyub Nakhchivani. The mausoleum is a cylindrical brick tower, decorated with turquoise tiles. There is also the more recently built Imamzadeh Mosque, which has four minarets.
Historian and traveller Al Mukaddasi ( X century ) describing Azerbaijan town of Barda and its market, noted : «... silk and clothes are sold at this market ... and carpets have no equals in the world».
Agriculture is the main activity in the area. Local economy is based on the production and processing of cotton, silk, poultry and dairy products. The cease fire line is just a few kilometres west of Barda, near Terter.